U.S. citizens residing outside the U.S. often have unique avenues open to you to adopt a child, either from the country where you live or from another nearby country. However, obstacles can arise in finalizing the adoption to obtain U.S. citizenship for your new child. Often difficulty arises because your child comes from a country which grants only guardianships, often called a kafala, as opposed to final adoption decrees. This means the child will not be legally yours until you can obtain a final adoption decree.
Parents living abroad often do not have a legal state of residence in the U.S. where their adoption can be finalized. However, we can work with families from anywhere; residency in Washington is not necessary.
Here are some of the countries that award only guardianships where we have worked with families: